How the Solar Power System is Setup
OK, so you’ve buttoned up your house and it is as energy efficient as is practical and are now familiar with some of the hardware. The next step is to decide what configuration you’ll choose for setting it all up. There’s almost an infinite number of ways to accomplish your objective. For the purpose of brevity, I’m going to go into just three potential solar power system setups…simple on-grid without battery backup, on grid with battery backup, and hybrid wind & solar on grid. (I didn’t include off-grid because it is basically the same as on-grid w/ battery, just not connected to the utility company.) I’ve included some simple wiring diagrams and videos for reference. Later I will include a post with useful links for finding additional information and DIY solar power kits that are easy to install.
Please keep in mind that each of these can be done in different ways, and with different equipment than I show below but, they should give you enough information to get your gears turning.
Simple On Grid System: This is the type of setup that you would use if you want to power your homes appliances and potentially sell power back to the utility company (if you make more energy than you use). You can either save or make money with this type configuration. Also know that there will be no batteries involved and the system will NOT provide emergency backup power regardless of it’s size! It is technically possible to do but against regulation / law / code pretty much everywhere in the US. I think this is do to safety concerns with ‘islanding‘ but, don’t quote me on that. Anyway, this is a simpler and cheaper setup compared to the others. You can also scale it up easily over time by adding more solar panels.
Below is a video discussing some specifics regarding a simple grid tied inverter. He explains about running straight through to the utility and skipping the battery bank.
On Grid with Battery Backup: This system can do what the one above does in addition to providing power during a power outage. It differs in the fact that partial shade on your panels can keep all of your panels from producing power if wired in a series. It’s more expensive but much more versatile.
The two videos below demonstrate good grid tied solar power systems with battery backup. If you open the second video in a new window, below it (click more on description) he lists links to all of the individual parts.
Wind Turbine & Solar Grid Tied with Battery Backup: This type of system can provide power when the sun isn’t shining. It can also make electricity when there is no wind. It costs more but is very reliable and will pay for itself over time.
Next, will be useful resources for each of these steps and links to do it yourself solar electric power kits.